**Step 1.** Measure the height, width, and depth of the shipment in inches. Measure to the farthest points, including skids or other packaging. On shipments with multiple pieces, repeat Step 1 for each piece.

**Step 2.** Multiply the three measurements (height x width x depth). The result is the total cubic inches of the shipment. If you have multiple pieces, multiply the height x width x depth for each piece. Take the results for each piece and add them together to get the total cubic inches

**Step 3.** Divide the total cubic inches by 1,728 (the number of cubic inches in a cubic foot). The result is the cubic feet of the shipment.

**Step 4.** Divide the weight (in pounds) of the shipment by the total cubic feet. The result is the pounds per cubic foot, *i.e.,* density.

- For multiple pieces, add the weight of each piece together before dividing by the total cubic feet of the shipment.
- Round fractions to the nearest full cubic foot number.

If you need more information on how cubic feet and density relate to freight rates, contact your YRC Freight account executive.

**For example, if the skid weighs 500 pounds with dimensions of 42 inches x 48 inches x 48 inches:**

- Multiply 42" x 48" x 48" = 96,768 cubic inches
- Divide 96,768 by 1,728 = 56 cubic feet
- Divide 500 pounds by 56 cubic feet = 8.9 pounds per cubic feet (PCF),
*e.,*the shipment density.

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